Sunday, July 18, 2004


Nationalism began to appear in Asia and Africa after World War I. It produced such leaders as Kemal Atat�rk in Turkey, Sa'd Pasha Zaghul in Egypt, Ibn Sa'ud in the Arabian peninsula, Mahatma Gandhi in India, and Sun Yat-sen in China. Atat�rk succeeded in replacing the medieval structure of the Islamic monarchy with a revitalized and modernized secular republic in 1923. Demands


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